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An alternative is said to be dominant with respect to a second alternative whenever one or more of the consequences of the first are superior (i.e., preferred according to some criterion) to the corresponding consequences of the second, and all others are equally valued. (IIASA)
A relation between pairs of elements of a set which designates which is superior, preferred to or in control of which other. E.g., hierarchies (see hierarchy) in social organizations, a "pecking order" which is characteristic in most communities of social animals, food chains in ecology, all of which can be described by dominance relations. (Krippendorff)
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