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A movement particularly in American psychology, which calls for an explanation of the behavior of organisms in terms of relations between inputs and outputs, in psychological terms, between stimuli and responses, in sociological terms, between independent and dependent variables. Behaviorists minimize the importance of mental or creative processes and believe that a system's output is uniquely determined by past and present inputs. The inclusion of an organism's internal state, predispositions, memory or mediating variables in behaviorist explanations does not modify this basic contention. Behaviorist explanations exclude cognitive CONSTRUCTIONs, circularities such as self-reference and the generative processes of mental activity (see intelligence). Behaviorism is also manifest in numerous analytical techniques, e.g., in efforts to explain one variable in terms of other variables by means of regression equations. (krippendorff)
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